Due to densely built-up residential areas and the increasingly popular rock gardens, the habitat for native wildlife is rapidly dwindling. Yet it takes very little effort to create a garden that is close to nature. With our tips you can create a little paradise for insects, birds and hedgehogs in your garden.
What is an animal and insect-friendly garden?
Native plants serve as a food source and habitat for butterflies, bees and birds. A small refuge for hedgehogs, insects or young birds can be created in trees, hedges, deadwood piles or flower meadows. If you as a garden owner create such a biotope, you actively contribute to ensuring the survival of insects, small animals and birds in the long term.
Create wildflower meadow
You can buy flower mixtures from a wide variety of wild plants in specialized stores. In this way, your lawn becomes an ideal landing place for butterflies, bees, bumblebees and other small insects.
Ornamental plants, on the other hand, are not so suitable for the creation of a biotope, because, unfortunately, due to breeding from the lush flowers are few stamens that produce pollen.
Provide nesting opportunities
A good nesting opportunity is provided to insects in the form of an insect hotel. This is easy to make yourself, but it can also be purchased. As a nesting opportunity or shelter for birds, you can install nesting boxes or birdhouses on the trees.
Avoid pruning of plants
Between the months of March and September, no pruning of plants is allowed in order to protect wildlife, according to the Federal Nature Conservation Act. Only minor maintenance pruning is allowed, provided finches, sparrows and other bird species are not disturbed while nesting. It is best to leave your hedge trimmer in the shed during this period.
To make it easier for wildlife such as hedgehogs to pass through to other properties, it is a good idea to create hedges instead of commercial fencing. This allows the animals to roam the gardens unhindered as they search for food. In addition, this is an efficient way to prevent creatures from getting caught in the garden fence.
Set up birdbaths
Birds enjoy refreshment in so-called bird baths / birdbaths on hot days. If possible, rain barrels or large water buckets should always be covered, otherwise the animals can fall into them and drown.
Cultivation of kitchen herbs
The cultivation of kitchen herbs such as oregano, sage or chives is not only practical for you, but also provides bumblebees, butterflies and bees with a good source of food.
Creating a garden pond
Wetlands not only beautify your garden, but also help many species of animals survive. Amphibians, such as frogs, use the water to have their offspring. In addition, you should design the edge of the pond so that small wildlife cannot slip into the water along the slippery edges.
If there are fish in the pond, you must remember that insect larvae or spawn are eaten by them. It may be a good idea to create two wetlands.
Eliminate sources of danger
Hazards often lurk in the garden that we as garden owners do not notice. These include basement steps, light wells, or open water sources. To prevent wild animals from injuring themselves or even dying, it is advisable to cover these sources of danger sufficiently. In addition, you should regularly check the cellar stairs to make sure that there is no animal there that can no longer climb the stairs on its own.